Mental health treatment isn’t quite like it used to be when women were labeled as insane and then institutionalized for their hormone-related emotions. The days of people being placed in an asylum with rows of beds and strapped down to the bed where the entire building looks run down are over. The evolution of mental health treatment has made it more acceptable for people to undergo treatment and has made it much more pleasant of an experience.
Today, people are taken to a hospital or a facility that looks similar to a hospital or a physician’s office. It’s also very common for people to seek outpatient treatment. The patient first undergoes a process to evaluate their condition. This consists of collecting the patient’s medical history including their family background. Once this stage is over, the specialist is able to determine what the best course of action is, whether that be inpatient or outpatient treatment.
Generally, the next step is comprised of one or more therapies. For instance, the person may receive psychotherapy treatment. This is when a medical professional talks to the patient about thoughts, behaviors and feelings in order to try to improve the person’s overall well-being. There are several types of psychotherapy including cognitive behavior therapy. In cases of phobias, anxiety or post-traumatic stress disorder, a person may undergo exposure therapy. Sometimes, this is enough to treat the patient or at least reduce the severity of the problem significantly.
The patient may have to learn ways to cope with the problem or disorder. Usually, this can be done through a professional educating the person on ways to handle the problem. For instance, a patient with generalized anxiety disorder may learn ways to come with an anxiety attack and ways to prevent it. They learn self-help strategies that they can use when they’re not in therapy.
Sometimes, family therapy is needed. This is when the person undergoes therapy with other people who he or she has affected over the course of having the condition. This is especially important to those who are undergoing a dual-diagnosis treatment for a mental illness in addition to having a substance abuse issue.
A support group, also known as group therapy, is oftentimes associated with the facility as well. A support group is where a group of people who all have the same condition meet. They discuss their progress including their failures and successes. The group encourages one another to overcome any obstacles that may arise during the course of recovery. Sometimes, the support group is only associated with the behavior health center and not an actual part of it. Oftentimes, the group has people who have already battled the condition and are overcoming it. These individuals share their experiences, and the others feel more confident seeing others who have managed to battle and win.
In some instances, the patient may be given strategies to cope that aren’t traditional methods. The patient may be recommended yoga, exercise, acupuncture and art therapy. The patient may be given ways to cope with stress, depression or other mood changes that aren’t healthy. In some cases, the facility may have these programs on-hand to help the patient while he or she stays or comes in for appointments.
Drug therapy is another option that is sometimes necessary. It tends to be a last resort when the patient has too severe of a mental condition. It may also be used when all other methods of treatment have failed. Drug therapy consists of a physician prescribing a medication or more than one medications to the patient in order to treat the condition itself, the underlying cause of it or the symptoms of it. A patient who is suffering from schizophrenia may be given Clozapine, which is an antipsychotic given to those with the illness. It alters the chemicals in the brain to reduce psychotic behaviors and to decrease the risk of suicide in patients with schizophrenia or other similar conditions. Another example is that anxiety may be treated with benzodiazepines like alprazolam, also known as Xanax. Antidepressants may be prescribed to patients with depression, bipolar disorder or an anxiety disorder.
Neurofeedback techniques may be used to monitor brain waves. This makes the facility more likely to be able to treat the underlying problem since it helps to locate the root of the problem.
Mental health programs can treat a mental health condition, but they need to begin with the evaluation process. Once this is completed, there are several courses of action that may be successful. In some instances, several routes need to be taken in order to achieve success, especially to get long-term results.